Discovering something new like animals, nature and the cuisine of a country is doable with digital scrapbooking and our Creative World Tour! Since we are still on our Creative World Tour in Mexico we had to have a closer look at its plants - and one, a cacti, is on our Donut Box 🙂
Mexico is not all about the chiles, tacos, and the tequila, there are also some awesome plants - cacti, flowers, trees, that can be found in this bio-diverse country.
Mexico, which connects North and South America, has one of the world's most diverse ecosystems. The country's biodiversity ranges from deserts, tropical rainforests, swamps, grasslands, and mountains.
With varied climate and topography, Mexican animals and plants differ sharply. Desert plants can be found over the northern states, tropical rain forests cover the coastal plains, while grasslands in the mountains and Altiplano, and jungle-type plants and trees in the southern states.
Mexican Desert Plants
It is reported that there are around 1400 cactus species in the world and 669 of which are Mexican, which makes Mexico number one in the world in cactus species. It is not surprising because two deserts cover most of the northern parts of Mexico - the Chihuahuan desert and the Sonoran desert, a variety of cactus thrive in this country.
Some Fun Facts About Mexican Cactus
- One of the most iconic Mexican cactus is surely the prickly pear cactus which bears edible fruits known in Mexico as tunas.
- The Mexican cactus Pachycereus pringlei also known as cardon can grow as tall as 60 feet and 39 inches in diameter.
- This prickly plant is so prominent in Mexico that their national flag shows an eagle, a snake, and a cactus.
Other plants such as whitethorn acacia, lechugilla, mesquite and creosote are can be found in the deserts of Mexico.
There are around 6,000 species of desert plants and 90% of them found only in the deserts of Mexico and the USA .
Cacti on a Donut Box
And just because these plants are so typical for Mexico I picked them to decorate a Donut Box - this one isn't just for Donuts, you can also add some Nachos into it. Or you can decorate something completely different with these stickers. That's of course up to you but I've added the template in case you need some boxes for a party.
You can find the template, backgrounds and graphics together with lots and lots of other tutorials, graphics and templates in our Sunset Scrapper Club!
Common Trees Found in Mexico
Aside from the Mexican desert plants. Mexico boasts a variety of its native trees.
The Mexican Sycamore
Famously known as the Mexican plane, this tree is commonly grown as shade tree and can grow as tall as 60 feet. You can found Mexican Sycamore trees in wetland areas and near rivers in central and northern Mexico.
This tree can live up to 75-100 years. It will stop gaining height once it reaches its genetic potential, but will continue to expand its diameter.
Known as Montezuma bald cypress or Montezuma cypress, Ahuehuete is the national tree of Mexico.
Ahuehuete means "upright drum in water" or "old man of the water."
Fact: With a diameter of almost 40ft, the El Árbol de Tule in Oaxaca, City is the widest tree in the world.
There are more than 50 species of pine trees found in the higher parts of Central Mexican mountain ranges. Mahogany, zapote, ceiba, oak and cypress are also thriving in these areas. In the states of Chihuahua, Jalisco, Michoacan, Durango, Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Chiapas, Coniferous and broad-leafed trees are found there. While Juniper, pinon pine and evergreen oaks are found in the mid-range forests.
Other Common Plants and Flowers in Mexico
Mexico is home to a wide variety of plants - not just cacti, but also beautiful orchids, luscious ferns, and bromeliads. You can also found palms and magnolias.
These "Nochebuenas", as the Mexicans call them, and known as a decorative flower or plant to many countries during Christmas time, grows naturally up to 10 feet in tropical areas of Mexico.
Did you know that the richly red petaled flowers of poinsettia is not actually flowers? These are beautifully coloured leaves. The Aztecs used these flowers for their dye projects.
This plant is much utilized in Mexico because of its many uses such as roof, food, clothing, and drink. Tequila is made from Weber's blue agave. The fibers from the leaves are used as ropes. The heart, flower stalk, and seeds are can be eaten. It can also be used as a live fence.
Maguey is part of the identity of Mexicans because almost 55% of the total magueyes found in this country is endemic, which means that they can't be found in any part of the world.
The gorgeous Dahlia is the national flower of Mexico. In 1963, Subhash Sharma declared Dahlia as the national flower of Mexico.
They usually bloom in the autumn. You can find them in a variety of colours (you can also find them in your salads) and 41 are native to this country.
Also known as Cempasuchiles, these flower with colourful petals are traditionally used for Mexico's Day of the Dead.
But they are not only for that purpose because they are also edible that they are use in some Mexican cuisines and herbal medicines.
You can experience these enlivening and coloutful flowers in Mexico during late spring to autumn.
If Japan has Sakura, Mexico has Jacarandas. Witness the magic of these beautiful blue-lilac flowers during the spring season - from March to April.
It is no doubt that with the more than 30,000 orchid species in the world, Mexican orchids are one of the largest families of plants in the world. Mexico has more than 1250 species of orchids and more or less 40% of them are being endemic.
These flowers that symbolize luxury and beauty bloom all year round so you can enjoy them any time of the year.
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